Breaking bias

According to Jessica Cundiff, assistant professor of psychological science at S&T, women who consider careers in the physical sciences, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields are deterred by stereotypes that impose barriers on the recruitment, retention and advancement of women in STEM.

Female freshmen and sophomores in high school experience college life and learn more about career options in engineering, math and science during the university’s Summer Solutions for Girls camp. Photo by Aimee Whitmire

With women making up less than 25 percent of the STEM work force, there has been less progress over the years in STEM than for women working in other historically male-dominated fields such as business, law, medicine, and other areas of science such as biology and psychology.

It may seem that women are freely choosing to opt out of math‑intensive STEM careers, but Cundiff says these choices are affected by implicit STEM-male stereotypes that may have been unconsciously ingrained since childhood.

Cundiff examines why these stereotypes exist and recommends ways to remove them in “Subtle Barriers and Bias in STEM: How Stereotypes Constrain Women’s STEM Participation and Career Progress,” her chapter in the February 2018 book The War on Women in the United States: Beliefs, Tactics and the Best Defenses. The book is a collection of 12 scholarly articles that examine gender roles and inequity and the impact of unintentional and purposeful efforts to undermine women’s equality in the U.S.

Cundiff says educators and practitioners can help break these stereotypes and broaden the appeal of STEM by using diverse images to represent the fields and by adapting course projects to include communal goals, which are important to women.

“Even when bias is unconscious, that does not absolve us of responsibility,” Cundiff says. “We have a responsibility to interrupt unconscious bias and minimize its effects on our behavior.”

“Even when bias is unconscious, that does not absolve us of responsibility.”

Around the Puck

Seeking TBI therapies

By Delia Croessmann, Complications from TBI can be life altering. They include post-traumatic seizures and hydrocephalus, as well as serious cognitive and psychological impairments, and the search for treatments to mitigate these neurodegenerative processes is on.

[Read More...]

Understanding the invisible injury

Students advance traumatic brain injury research By Sarah Potter, “Research is creating new knowledge.”–Neil Armstrong  Research keeps professors on the vanguard of knowledge in their fields and allows students to gain a deeper understanding of their area of study. For students and recent graduates researching traumatic brain injury (TBI) at Missouri S&T, the work […]

[Read More...]

Analyzing small molecules for big results

By Delia Croessmann, At only 28 years old, Casey Burton, Chem’13, PhD Chem’17, director of medical research at Phelps Health in Rolla and an adjunct professor of chemistry at Missouri S&T, is poised to become a prodigious bioanalytical researcher.

[Read More...]

To prevent and protect

By Peter Ehrhard, Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are an unfortunate but all too common occurrence during military training and deployment. Because mild TBIs often present no obvious signs of head trauma or facial lacerations, they are the most difficult to diagnose at the time of the injury, and patients often perceive the impact as […]

[Read More...]


Toughest class … ever Some of your classes may have been a breeze, but others kept you up at all hours studying, and some of you struggled just to pass. As part of his research for the S&T 150th anniversary history book, Larry Gragg , Curators’ Distinguished Teaching Professor emeritus of history and political science, asked […]

[Read More...]